One Year Since that You Have a PhD Email: What I Know Now


A Short Period of Rejoicing


It was a year ago that I was sitting looking out of the window, possibly worrying, and an email popped into my inbox from the university research office entitled, “PhD Examination Outcome”. Obviously, before I opened it, I felt sick, nervous and apprehensive. Yet, I had passed. It was over. No more teeth-grinding stress in the final revision stage. In spite of often being viewed as one of the most positive academics on Twitter I can’t describe how awful that revisions stage was for me. Nevertheless, I was  now a Doctor of Philosophy. I could call the bank – and more importantly the council tax office – and tell them to call me doctor when calling to have a go.

By the way, I don’t subscribe to this I have passed my viva therefore I’m a doctor thing. You’re one when the university says you are, preferably on graduation day. Anyway, I digress. One year on what has post-doc life been like?


Indeed, relief that it was over, but also regret. I was no longer linked with a university and that’s a big break. Cast out into the wilderness of job hunting can be difficult. After a short period of rejoicing, however, the first thing I wanted to do was get back at it with new research. I’m often reminded that a professor once said their PhD was now a doorstop and the best way to progress was with new material.

Some success

Having said that, within a few months I had mined my thesis for article material and submitted three pieces. One of which was accepted, one accepted with revisions and one rejected. I was pleased. Progress was being made.

The post-doc position rejections

I then had my first period of coming unstuck. I started applying for post-doc  positions. Three applications and three rejections. I had to dig deep to stay positive. I could not help thinking, “I’m as good as, if not better, than the person who got it”. “What is going on?” (Internal applications?) The first thing to try and come to terms with was that rejection is common in academia and I should learn to accept it with good grace. Devoney Looser has written an excellent blog on dealing with rejection and the only thing to add is to take notice of this, try and understand rejection and deal with it in pro-active way.

Be pro-active in the face of negativity

I was then given the opportunity to lead an adult-education course that was based around my PhD. It was only three sessions, but it was a toe hold, a beginning. It was not without challenges, but who wants to stay in a  comfort zone? Significantly it opened up more opportunities and I will be re-running the course at another university soon. In short, I sold myself, I became brand brass band. I sold this brand and made a few sales.

I also reflected on the post-doc vacancies position and considered what the role of a post-doc was? It was to produce publications and make impact. Having a paid position was a benefit, but, surely, I asked myself, it is a stage on the journey to a full-time post, not the destination. To this end I decided to crowdfund my own research. Surely, I thought, it is better to be moving forwards towards publication, and making a contribution to the scholarship, rather than dealing with the rejection of post-doc applications. I did feel a bit odd asking for what was private sponsorship. Like Haydn, perhaps? Nevertheless I also reasoned that there had to be an alternative to the traditional post-doc route.

I also volunteered for a research project at the RNCM. I start later this month (April). Apart from the career-development and CV enhancement opportunities that are well known, it is also a case of contributing and giving back to the community that educated me. On my graduation day I was struck by how much that ethos was valued. In addition it will help me cope with the strains of my current job. The key point, however, is that it is a positive and worthwhile thing to do.

Sustaining yourself

This is tough. Keeping sane in a job I have grown out of and yet have to stay in to pay the bills is difficult. But I have to live, and I am not young enough to go running around the country on part-time contracts. I am prone to periods of  extreme “grumpy old man syndrome”, I push through it. It has to be said: with a PhD I have, in effect, made myself unemployable in jobs  in certain pay grades.

The only option is to keep moving forwards to what I want. I exercise, I plan new research, I stay off twitter when it’s ‘braggy’, or particularly ‘you were fantastic, darling.’  I network and I am always selling my brand. (There is a lot to be said for that notion, if a little business buzzword bingo.)

The year in review

Some success,  some failure, some forward planning, and some innovation. The first post-doc year is a start. Getting a PhD  is like learning to drive. You only really learn when you pass your test.




Selection of Guest Lectures

Shown below are a selection of conference papers and guest lectures that I have given. They cover all aspects of brass bands as an expression of class, culture, region and gender. I am available to give tuition, speak at guest lectures, or host seminars using these themes to explore social history and musicology. In addition a short adult education course about brass bands, class and regional identity is available. Please email me for more information.ugd0072


Where the Brass Band is Beloved: The Pennine Brass Band and the Working Class a Study of Cultural and Regional Association, 1840-1914


In 1974 Peter Hennessy reported on the National Brass Band Contest, at the Royal Albert Hall, he highlighted the metonyms of working-class cultural and industrial history that brass bands were capable of producing, writing:

A roll call of the bands is like an evocation of industrial history From Wingates Temperance and Black Dyke Mills to more modern conglomerates like the far from poetic Williams…Grown men, old bandsmen say, have been known to cry at the beauty of it all….. Of all the manifestations of working-class culture, nothing is more certain than a brass band to bring on an attack of the George Orwells. Even the most hardened bourgeois cannot resist romanticising the proletariat a little when faced with one.

As Hennessy  suggested, whilst the brass band was a national musical experience for working people, that was also popular in the rest of the nation, most notably Cornwall, Scotland and Wales, it is most readily associated with, and indeed has become a cliché of northern working-class culture.  By 1914, The British Bandsman reflected on the fact that, ‘it could not be denied that the cradle of the brass band was on the slopes of the Pennine Chain.’Eric Hobsbawm argues that working-class traditions were invented from 1870 to 1914. The working-class world of labour with a capital L, cup-finals, fish-and-chip suppers, community singing,  performing  Messiah in crowded town halls and the palais-de-danse, that Richard Hoggart wrote bitter-sweet elegies about in the 1950s, all have their roots in memories of working-class life.  This paper will examine reportage of brass bands in the media from c.1880 to 1914, exploring the reasons why popular images of the brass band movement should centre themselves on the northern industrial working class.

Brass Instruments, Bandsmen and Working-Class Identity: Brass Bands in the Southern Pennines and the Creation of Working-Class Identity, c.1840-1900


In 1840, John Murgatroyd was the owner of Oats Royd’s Mill, near Halifax. He purchased seven brass instruments for a fledgling brass band, within ten years he had thirty three players and a number of Besson First Class instruments worth over a thousand pounds. The questions that arise from such philanthropy are how bandsmen in the area used such instruments to create a cultural working-class identity that is still with us today? What elements of musicianship and working-class identity came together by playing these instruments?

‘The Mournful Sounds of a Cornet….’ Music as a Lifelong Pursuit for Bandsmen in the Southern Pennines, c.1850-1914: Reflections on Working-Class Musical Traditions and the Reinforcement of Working-Class Masculinity through these Traditions.  


In 1888, the Musical World noticed brass players practicing so they could join a brass band, writing ‘….. From many a small cottage in country villages, or in the back streets of a Lancashire town, may be heard the mournful sounds of a cornet… as the mechanic struggles to make his evenings a preparation for harmonious concerts later on, when he shall have qualified for admission to the nearest amateur band he can find.’  Then a player could be a member of a band for life, a trait noticed by The Observer, when they wrote, ‘in old age he may end up with the BB flat bass, the deepest instrument of them all, requiring the lungs of a glassblower to fill it.’  This lifelong performance, then, not only created a working-class musical tradition, but also reinforced aspects of working-class masculinity common in the industrial north. This paper examines how the brass band created a metonym of working-class culture and identity that was a powerful expression of working-class masculinity.

‘Dancing was Afterwards­ Indulged In and Kept up Until a Late Hour’. The Pennine Brass Band as the Social Cement of the Community?­


In 1907, The Musical Herald wrote:

Where is Wingates? Where is Goodshaw? You don’t know. The same answer might be given regarding scores of villages whence bands came on Sept.28th to the Crystal Palace…. We have had bands for a generation past coming out of the unknown and making their villages famous.

The Musical Herald showed that despite large industrial output the Southern Pennines consisted of small communities. Brass bands were at the heart of community life. If not the reason for the community event, they were a constant presence at them.
Specifically, it was the band room that acted as a rallying point for the identity of the bands. This paper will show how the brass bands’ community identity grew from individual player, to instrumental section, to band. I show how the band room acted as the social cement that brought the communities musical identity together to represent the village in a larger area from c. 1850-1910. Cloud 14


A Grand Day Out: Tips on Getting the Most Out of A Visit to the Archives

A Nice Find
A Nice Find

A few months ago I was in a meeting with colleagues and one of them said that:  “I always seemed to be blessed by the archive fairy.” In short, it always appeared that I managed to find good quality archive material with the minimum of effort. It seemed, however fancifully,  that their was a friendly sprite that sprinkled fairy dust on my library card whenever I booked an appointment. It is true that my recent PhD, and publications, utilised material that  had not been accounted for fully in the historical record. Indeed, my ongoing research has produced some fruitful searches. So, is their a friendly sprite lurking in my library membership? Unlikely. Here are a few tips, from the practical and common sense, to the more free thinking that may help with your own searches.

Over the last ten years  I have had disappointment, frustration and more than my fair share of surprising finds. At the end of the blog post I have listed the primary sources I used in my PhD, ‘Slate-Grey Rain and Polished Euphoniums’: Southern Pennine Brass Bands, the Working Class and the North, c. 1840-1914 (Ph.D Thesis, University of Huddersfield, 2014) Here is what worked for me:

A Big Pile of Archival Research
A Big Pile of Archival Research

Get Organised

In a non-digital archive the visit should fall into three distinct, and separate, areas. I have found that it is best to stick to these areas and not be distracted by false leads, dead ends and ghosts of documents. Find it, catalogue it and then collect it. Do not get distracted. The research areas are: the reconnoitre, the list making and the collection. First of all, however, you need to organise. In all your dealings with archival staff be polite, be professional, be punctual and be clear in what you require. In every of the three stages of research follow this agenda:

  1. Is the archive open when you want to visit? Check, check and check again. When you have checked, check again. Is it too far? Will you need to book accommodation? Do they charge a fee? Have you got enough pencils? Do they allow laptops? Do I have to join, and what identification will I need? Is there a membership waiting list.? Can I afford it? Can I get there?
  2. Once you have said yes to all these points book an appointment. First of all email the staff outlining the purpose of your visit and your general area of research. Make it clear that this is  the reconnoitre stage. You may have the luxury of an online catalogue. Nevertheless, a card-index system can bring interesting results. Book a time, get a contact name and phone number, and diarise your visit. Do this at least two weeks in advance. Remember to check that the site will be  open over the lunch period. Two days before you visit confirm the appointment. Confirm what time you will be arriving and that they will be open. If they are closed when you arrive , have a back up plan. Where is the nearest local studies library?

The Reconnoitre

This is an information gathering exercise. Do key-word searches, and think outside your search area. Don’t just think, for example, brass bands or music. Think about hobbies, parks, birthdays, celebrations, fairs and so on. In my music-making searches I found considerable material in solicitors’ correspondence, works’ absence and wages’ books, park superintendents’ reports, council meetings and police records. Bands did not just play music , they created substantial and official paper trails. In your searching be thinking ‘the paper trails that emerge from relationships and social networks.’ Often crime, love, desperation, want, sadness and happiness. Get human. Get emotional. Get boring. This search method really works well with digitised archives. Try, for example, ‘bandsmen: court cases.’

The List Making

When you have a list of material, with the description of the document, and its reference number, make a list of manageable documents to view in a day. Always type out and catalogue your document descriptions and reference numbers, together with the archive name. No writing things on beer mats, fag packets or train and bus tickets. Treat these references like valuable possessions. You do not need the hassle of re-finding the reference when you are writing up.  Email the list to the archivist and go through the same confirmation process. Be prepared for the documents to go missing or be taken away for conservation. It will happen. Be prepared for the archive to be closed, when they should be open. It will happen. Always have a back-up plan . Are there other documents (where is your big list?) Is there a local studies library  nearby? (Often goldmines of archival material themselves.) Never knowingly waste a day, and never catalogue a list on a on a beer mat.

The Collection

This is  the fun part. You get to buy pencils and notebooks. Remember, confirm your visit and the documents you need to view. The key to collecting is just to gather the information. No analysis at all at this point. It leads to distraction and bad time management. Make additional keywords that you come across. This can lead to new material and you can start the  process again.

Key Skills You Need

Good organisation, planning, diary and cataloguing abilities

Good people skills, together with clear communication skills

Patience and stoicism

Being able to work for long periods of time. largely unsupervised, and in isolation

To be happy with your own company

The ability to deal with disappointment and frustrating situations, that are out of your control,  in a professional way

Good luck, and happy searching

Indicative List of Primary Sources for my PhD

In my research I found a  wealth of material about Southern Pennine Brass Bands. Note that much of the material is found in the external press and in local studies libraries.

Where primary sources and books cannot be found in the British Library collections I have listed the locations using the following key:

Accrington Local Studies Library (ALS)

Bacup Local Studies Library (BLS)

Bolton Archive Service (BOAS)

Bradford Local Studies Library (BRLS)

Burnley Local Studies Library (BULS)

Bury Archive Service (BAS)

Halifax Local Studies Library (HXLS)

Haworth Brass Band (HB)

Huddersfield Local Studies Library (HLS)

Lancashire Record Office, Preston (LRO)

Leeds Local Studies Library (LLS)

National Brass Band Archive, Wigan (BBA)

Rawtenstall Local Studies Library (RLS)

Salford Local Studies Library (SLS)

Todmorden Community Brass Band (TCBB)

West Yorkshire Archive Service, Bradford (WYASBR)

West Yorkshire Archive Service, Calderdale (WYASCD)



Primary Sources:



(The date ranges of newspapers, magazines, periodicals and journals include dates of those consulted)

Accrington Free Press (June 1875 to April 1878)

Accrington Gazette (June 1875 to April 1878)

Accrington Times (June, 1875 to April 1878)

Bacup and Rossendale News (April to May 1876)

Bacup Times (September, 1870 and April to May 1876)

Bolton Chronicle (February-March, 1861)

Bradford Daily Argus (June, 1906)

Bradford Daily Telegraph (June-July, 1906)

Bradford Observer (June-July, 1906)

Bury Times (June-July, 1899)

Daily Mail (15 August, 1898, 16 August, 1898, 10 October, 1898)

Daily Telegraph (18 July, 2007)

Derbyshire Evening Telegraph (24 September, 2007)

Eccles and Patricroft Journal (September-December 1883)

Halifax Daily Guardian (Canada) (WYASBR) (24 November, 1906)

Halifax Evening Courier (10 December, 2004)

Haslingden Chronicle and Ramsbottom Times (July-August, 1901)

Haslingden Gazette (July-August, 1901)

Haslingden Guardian (July-August, 1901)

Hebden Bridge Evening News (January-February, 1909)

Huddersfield Chronicle and West Yorkshire Advertiser (14 June, 1851 and February 1856 to May 1872)

Huddersfield Daily Chronicle (February 1856-May 1872)

Huddersfield Daily Examiner (January-February, 1904)

Huddersfield Weekly Examiner (13 February, 1904, 13 October, 1909)

Huddersfield Weekly News (8 November, 1887)

Leeds Mercury (8 November, 1887)

Liverpool Mercury (26 September, 1887)

Manchester Guardian (5 September, 1893)

Manchester Times (5 June, 1886)

Middleton Guardian (8 June, 1889, 23 July, 1889, 14 September, 1889, 18 October, 1890)

Rossendale Free Press (22 November, 1884, 1 May, 1886, 27 November, 1901)

Observer (19 September, 1937)

Slaithwaite Guardian and Colne Valley News (12 January, 1897-17 April, 1898, 30 September, 1898, 12 February, 1904)

The Times (11 July, 1860, 17 February, 1885, 30 September, 1911, 24 November, 1972, 11 October, 1974)

Todmorden and District News (January-February, 1909)

Brass Band Journals:

Brass Band News (1 July, 1901, 1 November, 1901, 1 December, 1901, 1 February, 1905, 1 December, 1905, 1 February, 1908)

British Bandsman (September, 1887, April, 1888, August, 1888, 15 March, 1903, 4 April, 1903, 11 April, 1903, 18 April, 1903, 25 April, 1903, 23 May, 1903, 20 June, 1903, 4 July, 1903, 27 June, 1903, 4 July, 1903, 8 August, 1903, 15 August, 1903, 10 October, 1904, 2 January, 1907, 3 August, 1907, 3 August, 1907, 7 September, 1907, 9 November, 1907, 18 April, 1908, 2 May, 1908, 3 April, 1909, 19 June, 1909, 20 November, 1909, 7 January, 1910, 11 June, 1910, 20 April,1912, 27 April, 1912, 17 January, 1914, 31 January, 1914, 14 February, 1914, 28 February, 1914, 7 March, 1914, 14 March, 1914, 18 April, 1914, 1 January, 1915)

Cornet (15 January, 1895, 15 December, 1896, 15 April, 1898, 15 October, 1898, 14 January, 1899, 15 February, 1900, 19 April, 1900, 15 February, 1901, 15 October, 1901, 14 March, 1903, 15 February, 1904)


Music Journals:

British Minstrel and Musical and Literary Miscellany (January, 1845)

Campanology (16 September, 1896)

Magazine of Music (April, 1892, June, 1892, July, 1892, March, 1896, October, 1896)

Minim: A Musical Magazine for Everybody (January, 1898)

Monthly Musical Record (1 July, 1872)

Musical Herald (2 October, 1893, 1 November, 1895, 1 November, 1907, April, 1918)

Musical Opinion and Trade Review (March, 1901)

Musical Standard (6 August, 1881, 28 July, 1900)

Musical World (13 November, 1886)

Tonic Sol-Fa Reporter (1 August, 1884)

Yorkshire Musician (1 January, 1887, October, 1889)


Journals and Magazines:

All Year Round (12 November, 1859)

City Jackdaw: A Humorous and Satirical Journal (3 March, 1876)

Gardener’s Magazine (May, 1829)

Good Words (November, 1900)

Household Words (11 May, 1850)

John Bull and Britannia (30 May, 1857)

Leisure Hour (24 December, 1870)

Mirror of Literature, Amusement and Instruction (May, 1829)

North of England Magazine and Bradshaw’s Journal of Politics, Literature, Science and Art (February, 1843)

Outlook (27 January, 1900)

Pearson’s Weekly (December, 1896)

Spectator (27 October, 1838 and 5 November, 1910)

The Nineteenth Century: A Monthly Review (September, 1892)

Yorkshireman (January 1880, April 1880, April 1883)



Archival Records:

Brass Band History Booklets:

Anon, Irwell Springs (Bacup) Band (Bacup, 1914) (RLS)

Anon, Life and Career of the Late Mr. Edwin Swift, a Self-Made Musician, Bandmaster and Adjudicator: Trainer of Many of the Leading Bands in the North of England, (n.p. 1904) (HLS)

Anon, Milnrow Public Band, 1869-1969 (Milnrow, 1969) (BBA)

Anon, Slaithwaite Band: Golden Jubilee Year Souvenir (Huddersfield, 1975) (HLS)

Anon, Stalybridge Old Band, 1814-1914 (Stalybridge, n.d.) (BBA)

Bythell, D. Banding in the Dales: A Centenary History of Muker Silver Band (Muker, 1997)

Bythel, D. Water, A Village Band, 1866-1991 (Water Band, Rossendale, Lancashire, 1991) (RLS)

Carrington, R. (Ed.), The Centenary Chronicle of Rothwell Temperance Band, 1881-1981, A Tribute to Those Who Have Gone Before (Leeds, 1981) (BBA)

Hampson, J. N. The Origin, History and Achievements of Besses o’ th’ Barn Band (Northampton, 1893) (ALS)

Hartley, E. A. Brindle Band: A Social and Cultural History of a Lancashire Brass Band, 1868-2000 (Preston, 2000) (LRO)

Hesling White, J. E. Our Village Band (Bramley, 1905) (LLS)

Hesling-White, J. E. A Short History of Bramley Band From Its Inception to The Present Time. With Glimpses of Old Time Doings in Bramley (Bramley, 1906) (LLS)

Hume, J. O., Souvenir of St Hilda’s Band (n.p.1929) (BBA)

Leech, I. Reminisces of The Bacup Old Band, Which Appeared in the Columns of the Bacup Times in 1893 (Bacup, 1893) (RLS)

Lord, S. The History and Some Personal Recollections of the Whitworth Vale and Healy Band (Rochdale, 2005) (RLS)

Massy, R. Meltham and Meltham Mills Band 1846 -1996, 150 Years of Music, Commemorative Booklet (n.p.1996) (BBA)

Rogerson, B. ‘A Touch of Brass’, Eccles & District Historical Society Lectures (1977-1978) (SLS)

Walker , M. The History of Farnworth and Walkden Brass Band: A Brief History of Brass Bands in the Bolton District (n.p., 2007) (RLS)

Local History Pamphlets:

Baldwin, A. Crompton, M. Hargreaves, I. Simpson, J. Taylor, G. The Changing Faces of Rossendale: Production Lines (Halifax, n.d.) (RLS)

Architectural Plans:

Clifton Subscription Brass Band-Plan of Proposed Band Room, Clifton (11 May, 1898) (WYASCD), catalogue ref CMT6/MU: 24/42

Brass Band Minute Books:

Haworth Brass Band Minute Books, 1900-1904 (HB)

Minute Book of The Christian Brethren Brass Band, Cleckheaton, 1886-1899 (WYASCD), catalogue ref, K131

Heap Bridge Brass Band Minute Books, 1898-1914 (BAS), catalogue ref, RHB/1/1

Helmshore Brass Band Minute Books, 1889-1922 (ALS)

Brass Band Tutor Books and Instrumental Methods:

Arban, J. B. Grande Méthode Complète de Cornet à Pistons et de Saxhorn (Paris, 1864) (BBA)

Curwen, J. The Brass Band Book for Tonic Sol-Fa Pupils, Containing Instructions for the Cornet, Bugle, Tenor, Baritone, Euphonium, Bombardon, Trumpet, Trombone, Ohecleide and French horn (London, 1864) (BBA)

Wright and Round’s Amateur Band Teacher’s Guide and Bandsman’s Adviser (Liverpool, 1889) (BBA)


Concert Programmes:

G.U.S. (Footwear) Band 1867-1967, Centenary Year Concert Programme (12 November, 1967), catalogue reference, RC785G00 (RLS)


Music in Greenhead Park Concert Programmes (1901-1922) (HLS)

Contest Entry Forms:

Contest Entry Forms for the Belle Vue Contest, Manchester, from 1901-1904 (BBA)

Contest Results:

Database of Contest Results from 1900-Present (BBA)

Correspondence and Reports:

Correspondence re Bury Recreation Grounds, 1895-1905 (BAS), catalogue ref, ABU2/3/7/1

Park Superintendent’s Reports on Bands, 1812-1913 (BOAS), catalogue ref, AF/6/125/2



Documents Relating to Oats Royds Mill Brass Band, 1864-1897 (WYASCD), catalogue ref, JM857: Band Uniform Brass Tunic Buttons

Newspaper Cuttings With Regard to John Foster and Sons, and Local Events in Bradford and Queensbury (WYASBR) catalogue ref, 6195/9/1/1

Peacock M. R. Haworth Public Prize Band Poem (September, 1912) (HB)


Financial Records, Personnel Records and Receipts:

Bradford Brass Band Account Book, 1854-1858 (WYASBR), catalogue ref, DB16/C31

Bradford Borough Council, Town Clerk, Papers Regarding Peel Park, Including Financial Agreements, Correspondence, Minutes, Plans, Reports and Subscriptions, 1851-1864 (WYASBR) catalogue ref, 1D82

John Foster and Sons, Director’s Minute Book, 1891-1920 (WYASBR) catalogue ref, 61D9521/1

Documents Relating to Oats Royds Mill Brass Band, 1864-1897 (WYASCD) catalogue ref, JM857:

Engraving receipt 253a, 31 December, 1869, receipt, 254a, 31 December 1870

Estimate for band clothing

Instrument and band membership lists, 1864-1884

Settled Accounts in the Winding up of Oats Royd Mill Brass Band (11 November, 1890)

Helmshore Brass Band Leger Books, 1901-1914 (ALS)

Heap Bridge Brass Band Trust Deed for Instruments and Other Property, 21 December, 1885 (BAS), catalogue ref, RHB 2/1

Register of Staff Absences, With Time Off, and Cause, to Playing in Black Dyke Band, 1864-1880 (WYASBR), ref 61D95/ 8 box 1/ 4

Watson and Son and Smith, Solicitors, Bradford, Records (Idle and Thackley Brass Band Papers, 1898-1943 (WYASBR), catalogue ref, GB202

Todmorden Old Brass Band Ledger Books, 1900-1910 (TCBB)


Anon, Recreation for the Working Classes on Temperance Principles (Dublin, 1857)

Parliamentary Acts:

Uniforms Act 1894, Office of Public Sector Information, <http//>


Trade Directories:

Halifax and Huddersfield Mercantile Directory, 1863-64, (London, 1863) (HXLS)

Kelly’s Directory of the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1897 (London, 1897) (HXLS)

Trust Deeds, Rules and Regulations:

Clifton Brass Band, Declaration of Trust, 1882 (WYASCD), catalogue ref, KMA: 1850

Cliviger Prize Band Rules and By-Laws, 1908 (BULS), catalogue ref, LT641

Haworth Public Band Agreement (6 December, 1876) (WYASBR) catalogue ref, 80D/92

Idle and Thackley Public Brass Band, Rules and Regulations (30 July, 1898) (WYASBR) catalogue ref, 540D/1/5

The Shipley Brass Band Trust Deed (7 March, 1894) (WYASBR), catalogue ref, 41D/84/49

Unpublished Manuscripts, Diaries and Reflections:

James Law Cropper, Memories, typewritten transcription of interviews (n.d.) (RLS)

Moses Heap, An Old Man’s Memories n.d. (typescript, 1970) (RLS)

Moses Heap of Rossendale, My Life and Times (1824-1913) (transcribed by John Elliot, 1961) (RLS)

Diary of Willie Jeffrey, 1906 (Queensbury Historical Society) photocopy, held in (BRLS)


Indicative Bibliography for the Social History of Music, With an Emphasis on Brass Bands

Indicative Bibliography for the Social History of Music

In recent years musicology and social history have become closer. The purpose of this bibliography is to prepare the novice researcher for the study of brass bands as social history and musicology. The bibliography leans towards the working class and the North, yet includes elements of gender and middle-class culture.

Anderson, B, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London, 1991)
Aspin, C. The First Industrial Society, Lancashire, 1750-1850 (Preston, 1995)
Baignet, E. ‘Haweis, Hugh Reginald (1838-1901)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (Oxford, 2004), <;
Bainbridge, C.  Brass Triumphant (London, 1980)
Baines, A.  Brass Instruments (London, 1976, this edition, London, 1980)
Bamford, S. Walks in South Lancashire, On its Borders with Letters, Descriptions Narratives and Observations, Current and Incidental (Manchester, 1844) (RLS)
Bailey, P.  Leisure and Class in Victorian England, Rational Recreation and the Contest for Control, 1830-1885 (London, 1978)
Bailey, P.  Popular Culture and Performance in the Victorian City (Cambridge, 1998)
Bailey, P. ‘Ally Sloper’s Half-Holiday: Comic Art in the 1880s’, History Workshop, 16 (1993), pp. 4-31
Bailey, P. ‘“Will the Real Bill Banks Please Stand Up?” Towards a Role Analysis of Mid-Victorian Working-Class Respectability’, Journal of Social History, Vol. No. 3 (1979), pp. 336-353
Baines , A. C. and Myers, A. The Cornet, Grove Music Online (Oxford University Press) < >
Bashford, C. and Langley L. (Eds.), Music and British Culture, 1785-1914: Essays in Honour of Cyrill Ehlrich (Oxford and New York, 2000)
Bate, P, Herbert, T and Myers A, ‘Saxhorn.’ Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online (Oxford University Press) <;
Beaven, B.  Leisure, Citizenship and Working-Class Men in Britain, 1850-1945 (Manchester, 2004)
Bebbington, B. W.  Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s (Oxon, 1989, this edition, 2002)
Benas, B. B. ‘Merseyside Orchestras: An Introduction to the History of Local Instrumental Music’, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 95 (1945), pp. 95-117 (BBA)
Benson, J.  The Working Class in Britain, 1850-1939 (London and New York, 1989)
Bennett, Z. (Ed.), Nineteenth-Century British Music Studies, Vol. 1 (Aldershot, 1999)
Bevan, C. ‘Brass Band Contests: Art or Sport?’ in, Herbert, T. (Ed.), Bands: The Brass Band Movement in the 19th and 20th Centuries (Oxford, 1991), pp. 102-119
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The Digital Victorianist :<;
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Music and Cultures Research Group at the Open University:<;
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The Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals (1766-1962) <>
The Southern Pennines Packhorse Trails Trust, 1984 < south-pennines/>